Wednesday, July 22, 2009

Functions in SQL Server 2005

--Scalar Function

CREATE FUNCTION Sales.SumSold(@ProductID int) RETURNS int
AS
BEGIN
DECLARE @ret int
SELECT @ret = SUM(OrderQty)
FROM Sales.SalesOrderDetail WHERE ProductID = @ProductID
IF (@ret IS NULL)
SET @ret = 0
RETURN @ret
END
---
SELECT ProductID, Name, Sales.SumSold(ProductID) AS SumSold
FROM Production.Product
-----------------------------
-- Inline Table-Valued Function

CREATE FUNCTION HumanResources.EmployeesForManager
(@ManagerId int)
RETURNS TABLE
AS
RETURN (
SELECT FirstName, LastName
FROM HumanResources.Employee Employee INNER JOIN
Person.Contact Contact
ON Employee.ContactID = Contact.ContactID
WHERE ManagerID = @ManagerId )
---
SELECT * FROM HumanResources.EmployeesForManager(3)
-- OR
SELECT * FROM HumanResources.EmployeesForManager(6)
-----------------------------
-- Multi-Statement Table-Valued Function

CREATE FUNCTION HumanResources.EmployeeNames
(@format nvarchar(9))
RETURNS @tbl_Employees TABLE
(EmployeeID int PRIMARY KEY, [Employee Name] nvarchar(100))
AS
BEGIN
IF (@format = 'SHORTNAME')
INSERT @tbl_Employees
SELECT EmployeeID, LastName FROM HumanResources.vEmployee
ELSE IF (@format = 'LONGNAME')
INSERT @tbl_Employees
SELECT EmployeeID, (FirstName + ' ' + LastName)
FROM HumanResources.vEmployee
RETURN
END
----
SELECT * FROM HumanResources.EmployeeNames('LONGNAME')

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