Monday, November 17, 2008

Designing INSTEAD OF Triggers

CREATE TABLE Person
(
SSN char(11) PRIMARY KEY,
Name nvarchar(100),
Address nvarchar(100),
Birthdate datetime
)
CREATE TABLE EmployeeTable
(
EmployeeID int PRIMARY KEY,
SSN char(11) UNIQUE,
Department nvarchar(10),
Salary money,
CONSTRAINT FKEmpPer FOREIGN KEY (SSN)
REFERENCES Person (SSN)
)

---------------------------------------------------

CREATE VIEW Employee AS
SELECT P.SSN as SSN, Name, Address,
Birthdate, EmployeeID, Department, Salary
FROM Person P, EmployeeTable E
WHERE P.SSN = E.SSN

---------------------------------------------------

CREATE TABLE PersonDuplicates
(
SSN char(11),
Name nvarchar(100),
Address nvarchar(100),
Birthdate datetime,
InsertSNAME nchar(100),
WhenInserted datetime
)

----------------------------------------------------

CREATE TRIGGER IO_Trig_INS_Employee ON Employee
INSTEAD OF INSERT
AS
BEGIN
SET NOCOUNT ON
-- Check for duplicate Person. If there is no duplicate, do an insert.
IF (NOT EXISTS (SELECT P.SSN
FROM Person P, inserted I
WHERE P.SSN = I.SSN))
INSERT INTO Person
SELECT SSN,Name,Address,Birthdate
FROM inserted
ELSE
-- Log an attempt to insert duplicate Person row in PersonDuplicates table.
INSERT INTO PersonDuplicates
SELECT SSN,Name,Address,Birthdate,SUSER_SNAME(),GETDATE()
FROM inserted
-- Check for duplicate Employee. If no there is duplicate, do an INSERT.
IF (NOT EXISTS (SELECT E.SSN
FROM EmployeeTable E, inserted
WHERE E.SSN = inserted.SSN))
INSERT INTO EmployeeTable
SELECT EmployeeID,SSN, Department, Salary
FROM inserted
ELSE
--If there is a duplicate, change to UPDATE so that there will not
--be a duplicate key violation error.
UPDATE EmployeeTable
SET EmployeeID = I.EmployeeID,
Department = I.Department,
Salary = I.Salary
FROM EmployeeTable E, inserted I
WHERE E.SSN = I.SSN
END

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